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Xray image showing hepatic encephalopathy, a chronic condition of the liver

Fast Facts: Hepatic encephalopathy

  • Around 29 million people in Europe suffer from a chronic liver condition.[i]
  • Hepatic encephalopathy is a worsening of brain function that occurs when the liver is no longer able to remove toxic substances in the blood.[ii]
  • Liver disease patients with hepatic encephalopathy have almost double the risk of dying and are admitted to hospital three times more often for illnesses directly related to their liver disease, compared with those patients without hepatic encephalopathy.[iii]

[i] Blachier M, Leleu H, Peck-Radosavljevic et al. The burden of liver disease in Europe. A review of available epidemiological data. EASL, 2013
[iii] Orr J.G. et al. Resource use associated with hepatic encephalopathy in patients with liver disease. International Liver Congress 2014, Abstract P478